Among different methods available for estimating brain connectivity from electroencephalographic signals (EEG), those based on MVAR models have proved to be flexible and accurate. They rely on the solution of linear equations that can be pursued through artificial neural networks (ANNs) used as MVAR model. However, when few data samples are available, there is a lack of accuracy in estimating MVAR parameters due to the collinearity between regressors. Moreover, the assessment procedure is also affected by the lack of data points. The mathematical solution to these problems is represented by penalized regression methods based on l1 norm, that can reduce collinearity by means of variable selection process. However, the direct application of l1 norm during the training of an ANN does not result in an efficient learning. With the introduction of the stochastic gradient descent-L1 (SGD-L1) it is possible to apply l1 norm directly on the estimated weights in an efficient way. Even if ANNs has been used as MVAR model for brain connectivity estimation, the use of SGD-L1 algorithm has never been tested to this purpose when few data samples are available. In this work, we tested an approach based on ANNs and SGD-L1 on both surrogate and real EEG data. Our results show that ANNs can provide accurate brain connectivity estimation if trained with SGD-L1 algorithm even when few data samples are available.
2019, 2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), Pages 636-639
Estimation of brain connectivity through Artificial Neural Networks (04b Atto di convegno in volume)
Antonacci Yuri, Toppi Jlenia, Mattia Donatella, Pietrabissa Antonio, Astolfi Laura
Gruppo di ricerca: Networked Systems